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Secure by design: a roadmap to secure authentication and authorization

In order to ensure that Global Goods and Digital Public Goods can enable impact without doing any harm, it is crucial that their authentication and authorization systems are secure from the outset.

We’ve put together a resource to help other Digital Public Goods and Global Goods achieve just this.

You can view and comment on the resource here, or read on to learn why.


Digital health technologies have a critical role to play in both improving the delivery of health services and making health systems more robust and adaptable. Whilst this has been the consensus for a while, various factors such as bureaucracy, lack of capacity, authority/ownership, budget or simply lack of prioritization have hindered the adoption and implementation of such technologies.

However, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought digital health systems back to the top of the agenda, having forced governments to adapt their health systems and processes in a short amount of time and confronted them with the fragility and inflexibility of some of their existing systems. This has led to an increase in funding for both new and existing health technologies.

At the same time, the recent pandemic also saw an increase in data breaches and data leaks in the healthcare sector. Whilst these are a serious matter in any system, the nature of the healthcare technologies means that the data they are storing or managing almost always includes Personally Identifiable Information (PII) which, if leaked, can have dramatic consequences for those they identify.

The higher the number of technologies and quantity of data stored in these, the higher the risk of vulnerabilities and negative impact of a data breach or data leak. If Global Goods are to make the most of this renewed interest and increase in funding for digital health technologies, it is crucial for them to keep security as a top priority to ensure that they ‘do no harm’, a core Digital Public Good principle.

Several organizations have already put some thought into documenting security best practices and standards. However, none situate these security decisions within the wider context of a product development timeline or roadmap. This requires individuals to regularly scan through long lists of security recommendations to pick out and prioritize their implementation, increasing the likelihood of an oversight or early-made product decisions which make it harder to implement such security features down the line.

As product manager at Open Function Group, I myself have recently been reviewing and analyzing numerous resources to identify and prioritize features required to get to fully-secure authentication and authorization for our newest product Lightning–and make sure that nothing falls through the cracks. I’ve also had the opportunity to gather insights from Digital Public Good community forums (OpenMRS, DHIS2, OpenLMIS, etc) and speak to other product managers and engineers from the Digital Public Goods community to ask them about their learnings, and any tips they might have: Austin and Morten from DHIS2, Dev and Biyeun from Dimagi.

To more widely share these learnings, we have drafted this resource documenting the specific security measures that should be considered at each stage of product development specifically with regards to authentication and authorization. Our hope is that this article will help other product managers in the Global Good (GG) and Digital Public Good (DPG) communities consider these features into their backlog/roadmap from the outset and make sure they are following a ‘secure by design’ approach. To inform our analysis, we analyzed learnings from the wider DPG community, as well as recommendations from other security experts and international standards, including GovStack, OpenHIE, OWASP, NIST, and more.

The resource can be found here.